This is a series of articles dealing with the British nobility beginning with William the Conqueror in 1066 and ending with Henry VIII circa 1530. The information within has been compiled from multiple resources and a bibliography will follow the completed work. Beginning with the Normans, the Plantagenets, the Lancasters, the Yorks, and then finally, the Tudors.
Edward I: Acceded the throne in 1272 while returning to England from Crusade, he actually was crowned 2 years later in 1274.
After invading Wales and defeating Prince Llwelyn, the independence of Wales was ended by the Statute of Rhuddlan. In 1295, a "model parliament" was appointed, distinguished from its predecessor as it was partly elected. The King chooses a new Scottish King, Balliol, who in turn refuses to join Edward in a new French campaign. Balliol allies with the French, forming the Auld Alliance. Of course, Edward invades Scotland, deposes Balliol, and makes off with the Stone of Scone, which resided until recently in Westminster Abbey (the stone was only recently returned to Scotland in 1996). In 1301, Edward invested his son as Prince of Wales, sparking a tradition that has held since; that of the eldest son of the reigning monarch holding that title and being invested at Caernarfon Castle in Wales.
The Scots rise against English rule and are led by William Wallace. William is defeated shortly thereafter and taken to London as a prisoner where he is eventually tortured, drawn, and quartered. Robert Bruce is crowned King of Scotland the next year. Edward attempted to invade Scotland again but died on his way north in 1307.